Power Sharing Agreement South Sudan

Power Sharing Agreement in South Sudan: An Overview

South Sudan, the world`s youngest country, has been wracked by civil war and political instability since its independence in 2011. The conflict, which erupted in December 2013, has claimed tens of thousands of lives and forced millions to flee their homes. In an effort to end the violence and restore peace, a power-sharing agreement was signed in 2018 between the warring parties.

Under the power-sharing agreement, the government of President Salva Kiir and the former rebel leader and now First Vice President Riek Machar agreed to form a transitional government of national unity. This transitional government would be responsible for governing the country until elections are held in 2023.

The power-sharing agreement between Kiir and Machar was brokered by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), a regional organization comprising of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Uganda. The agreement was also supported by the international community, particularly the United Nations, which has played a crucial role in the peace process.

The power-sharing agreement includes provisions for the security arrangements, governance structures, and wealth-sharing arrangements between the parties. The agreement aims to address the root causes of the conflict, including ethnic and regional tensions, competition for resources, and political grievances. The agreement also provides for the establishment of a truth commission, which will investigate human rights violations and provide a basis for reconciliation.

The power-sharing agreement has faced several challenges, including delays in the implementation of key provisions, violations of the ceasefire, and the reluctance of some opposition groups to join the transitional government. There have also been concerns about the continued militarization of the country and the lack of progress in demobilizing and reintegrating former combatants.

Despite these challenges, the power-sharing agreement remains the best hope for ending the conflict and restoring peace in South Sudan. The international community has pledged its support for the agreement and has committed to providing financial and technical assistance to ensure its successful implementation.

In conclusion, the power-sharing agreement in South Sudan is a significant step towards ending the violence and restoring peace in the country. The agreement provides a framework for addressing the root causes of the conflict and establishing a government that is representative of all South Sudanese people. While there are challenges to its implementation, the international community`s continued support and engagement can help ensure its success.

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